Here are some documents about competences.
Our new law of education, LOE, focus on competence teaching as you all know.
But the Council of Europe has been developing the competence theory for a long time.
Here you've got some interesting documents about key competences.
KEY COMPETENCE FOR LIFELONG LEARNING. A EUROPEAN REFERENCE FRAMEWORK
Council conclusions on the European on the European Indicator of Language Comptenece
Don't forget the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages as it focus on linguistic comptence as we have said in older posts.